This study was carried out to determine the types, distribution and frequency of refractive errors in adults in Isiala Ngwa South L.G.A. A 3-day vision screening program was carried out in November 2007 in which three hundred and forty-two adults aged 40 to 80 years were screened for pathological conditions. The mean age was 57.8±3.58years. Two hundred and three females and 139 males were screened and refracted. Prevalence of myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism found were 7.20%, 80.30% and 3.50% respectively. Emmetropes were found to be 9.07%. The most prevalent refractive error was hyperopia (80.30%). The occupations of the population screened were found to be mainly farming (47.95%), followed by civil service (15.20%) and trading (11.98%). The most prevalent age group in the population was 51-55years(26%).
Keywords: Vision screening, myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism, presbyopia, community eye health.